Symptoms of gum disease

It may be hard to tell if you have a mild case of gum disease. Healthy gums are pink and firm, fit snugly around the teeth, and do not bleed easily. But mild cases of gum disease (gingivitis) cause:

  • Gums that are red, swollen, and tender.

  • Gums that bleed easily during brushing or flossing.

As gum disease gets worse (periodontitis), the symptoms are easier to see, such as:

  • Gums that pull away or shrink from the teeth.

  • Bad breath that won’t go away.

  • Pus coming from the gums.

  • A change in how your teeth fit together when you bite.

  • Loose teeth.

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